Highlights from the Neue Pinakothek in Munich – Germany
The Neue Pinakothek offers to the public paintings from the end of the 18th century until the middle of the 20th century, from Goya to Picasso including as well a lot of German and very interesting Bavarian painters. The spectator is pleased to discover exclusive painting from the Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Impressionism, Symbolism… The building was rebuilt after the war by the architect Alexander von Branca and opened in 1981.
Here is a list of the highlights from the museum with a chronological order:
JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER (1775 ‐ 1851)
The Belgium harbour is depicted here in a stormy weather. The British master of light Turner presents us an exquisite combination of tragedy and hope. The rough sea on the right is replaced by a sunny and populated harbour on the left. The purpose of Turner was to express pure feeling, therefore his last words “The sun is God” have a strong resonance in his work.
CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH (1774 ‐ 1840)
Riesengebirgslandschaft mit aufsteigendem Nebel, 1819/20
Giant Mountains Landscape with Rising Fog, 1819/20
Caspar David Friedrich is THE German romantic painter, famous for his enigmatic landscapes subject to various interpretations. This painting shows us the view from the Seven Reasons in the Giant Mountains. The superposition of mountains gives a religious atmosphere to the painting. No sign of human life is visible which gives a feeling of timelessness to the spectator.
MAX LIEBERMANN (1847-1935)
Münchner Biergarten, 1884
The painting depicts a very famous place in Munich: the beergarden Augustinerkeller. All of the Munich society sit under the trees having some beers. The first plan is free enabling the focus on the two girls playing. The various number of scenes depicted in this painting are highlighted by the colour and the light of the sun.
Liebermann is an iconic German painter famous for representing moments of the high bourgeoisie as well as paintings from the rural life.
VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853 ‐ 1890)
The Sunflowers of Van Gogh are very iconic from the painter: belonging to a serie of 12 paintings, the paintings were supposed to be hanged all over the walls of the artist’s workshop in Arles, in the South of France where he was supposed to paint next to Paul Gauguin.
PAUL GAUGUIN (1848 ‐ 1903)
Die geburt-te tamari no atua, 1896
The birth-te amari no atua
After founding the school of Pont-Aven next to Vincent Van Gogh in the French Bretagne, Paul Gauguin left for a creative and spiritual journey to Tahiti, a French island in Oceania. There he found inspiration in the scenes of the everyday life such as: bathing, hunting and in that case giving birth. The presence of warm colours symbolized the fertility and the hope of such an event.
The specificity of Gauguin’s paintings in Tahiti is that the artist always gives a Tahitian title to them, which is most of the times more spiritual than the French one.
GUSTAV KLIMT (1862 ‐ 1918)
Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein, 1905
The portrait of this elegant lady was depicted by Gustav Klimt in 1905. Capturing the beauty and fragility of the Viennese Secession through extremely symbolist artwork was the mission of Klimt. She stands still, fragile and eternal, like a Renaissance portrait.
EGON SCHIELE (1890-1918)
We cannot recognize in this painting any specific subject or person. Through a strong religious metaphor, Schiele shows that artists are like religious man, they also suffer through their different beliefs. This painting was probably executed shortly after the painter was released from jail.
CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926)
Seerosen, um 1915
This master piece of Impressionism painting belongs to the very famous serie of the Waterlilies started in 1912 by Claude Monet. He manages to include two dimensions in his painting: the water and the sky. The shadow of the Weeping Willow tree is reflecting on the Waterlily pond Claude Monet designed in his Japanese garden in Giverny. This creates a mystical dimension to the painting very close to one of the next painting movement: symbolism.